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Recipe | Sesame and Rice Cake (Til Pitha) from Assam

Rice Cake, also known as Til Pitha locally, is a household favorite in Assam. The combination of a soft, chewy outer shell and the sweet, sticky sesame filling makes it a perfect treat. They are traditionally made during Bihu, the chief festival of Assam, which celebrates the harvesting season. However, you can make pithas any time of the year with just three simple ingredients and indulge in these delicious cookies.

Rice cookies filled with sesame and jaggery, locally known as ‘Til Pitha’ in Assam.


Rice cookies filled with sesame and jaggery, locally known as Til Pitha in Assam.

Note: Preparation for cooking is quite simple. The key to perfecting the recipe is the technique and more importantly, ensuring the right temperature of the pan. Once you perfect these two key points, the delicious pithas will turn out perfect.


  1. 2 Kgs of Sticky Rice (Bora rice, Japanese sweet rice, or any glutinous rice available in your local area)
  2. 1/2 Kg Black sesame seeds (Til)
  3. 1 Kg Jaggery (Gur)

Glutinous/Sticky Rice or Bora Rice (local name)


Black Sesame seeds (Til).


Jaggery (Gur)

Directions to cook

A) Making the Rice Outer Layer

  1. Wash and soak the rice for an hour. Strain rice and spread it out on parchment paper or newspaper and let it dry partially
  2. Grind the rice to a very fine powder and then sieve it to get fine rice powder
  3. Now, press the rice powder in the container to make it airtight and cover it with a wet cloth. This layer will be the outer shell of the Pitha.

B) Making the Filling

  1. For the filling, wash, and strain black sesame seeds, and let them dry. Roast the sesame seeds in a pan or wok until it gives out a nutty fragrance. Coarse grind the sesame seeds.
  2. Melt jaggery in a pan, and add it to the ground sesame seeds. The filling for the pithas is ready.

C) Making the final version of Sweet

  1. Heat a tawa to the required temperature* (*an effective way of checking the temperature of the pan is to hold the palm of your hand about 6 inches above the pan. If your palm can feel the warmth of the pan without having to remove it immediately, then you know your pan is ready for the pithas.)
  2. Scoop out some of the prepared rice flour, spread the rice flour on the pan, and press it gently with your fingers.
  3. Now put some sesame filling. Take care not to overfill. Roll up the pithas to your desired shape and gently push it to the edge of the pan and let it finish cooking while you continue making the next pitha.

It is as easy as that. The only hard part is to try not to eat the pithas right out of the pan. Enjoy! Serve the cookies with a hot cup of milk tea. 


Heating the Pithas in the pan

Recipe contributed by Ankita Das – An Assamese at heart; she cooks and writes from her home in Phoenix Arizona. 

Pooja Ghose

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