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Recipe of Galho – Yummy Rice Dish from Nagaland

No meal in a Naga household will be complete without rice – be it lunch or dinner, and pretty much most of in-between meals and snacks – like the rice roti, and the hugely popular ‘Galho.’

‘Galho’ is a savory mix dish made of rice, vegetables, and various meats. The Angami Naga tribe are the original creators of this dish, which is now a popular local favorite. Now that we are acquainted with the dish, how about giving it a go at making this simple dish? Also helpful to note that all the ingredients are easily available in any Naga kitchen. Let’s go!


Galho dish | Photo courtesy @kristi_kikon


  • 200 gms Rice
  • 500 gms of smoked Beef/Pork
  • 1 tablespoon of Axone (Fermented Soybean)
  • Chopped pumpkin/squash leaves (or any green leafy vegetable)
  • Ground green chilies (qty according to your preferred heat level)
  • 500 ml water (or more, as required)
  • Salt to taste

Directions to Cook :

  1. Put water, axone, and ground green chilies into a pot and cook it for 5 minutes. Add salt to taste.
  2. Next, add the smoked beef/pork  (1/2″ cubes) into the pot and cook together for another 45 minutes or until the meat becomes tender.
  3. Now add the rice (rinsed 2-3 times) to the meat pot. Add more water if required. Cook over medium-high heat.
  4. When the rice is almost done, add the chopped greens.
  5. Let it simmer for 5-7 mins, and turn off the gas.
  6. Taste, and add more salt if needed.
  7. Serve hot!

Contributed by By Vilazonuo  Zatsu.

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